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Nepal 20 Days Upper Mustang trek Itinerary of the old Buddhist kingdom

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20 Nights / 21 Days
Mustang Region
Min Age : 15+
Max People : 15
Trip Overview

Explore the Last Forbidden Kingdom: Upper Mustang Trek

Nestled in the remote trans-Himalayan region of Nepal, the Upper Mustang trek takes you on an extraordinary voyage to the ancient Buddhist kingdom of Mustang. Often referred to as the “Last Forbidden Kingdom,” this mystical land offers a trekking experience like no other. This hidden gem offers a glimpse into unspoiled villages, rare medieval Buddhist arts, and a unique cultural tapestry set against the backdrop of a trans-Himalayan desert landscape.


The Upper Mustang Trek is a restricted area trek that takes you into the heart of the Trans-Himalayan region, bordering Tibet. With its distinct culture, untouched landscapes, and ancient monasteries, Upper Mustang trek offers a rare opportunity to witness the untamed beauty of the Mustang district.

Permit and Regulations:

Due to its sensitive location, trekkers are required to obtain a special permit for Upper Mustang trek. This ensures the preservation of the region’s unique cultural and environmental heritage. Travelers are advised to check the latest regulations and coordinate with a licensed trekking agency for a hassle-free experience of Upper Mustang trek.

Highlights of the Upper Mustang Trek:

1. Lo Manthang: Upper Mustang trek trek’s pinnacle is the ancient walled city of Lo Manthang, the capital of Upper Mustang. Stepping through its gates feels like stepping back in time, with narrow alleys, whitewashed houses, and the majestic Royal Palace.

2. Unique Culture: Upper Mustang has retained its traditional Tibetan culture over the centuries. Encounter friendly locals, visit ancient monasteries like Thubchen and Jampa, and witness age-old rituals and festivals.

3. Spectacular Landscapes: The rugged terrain of Upper Mustang is a photographer’s dream. Upper Mustang trek trail winds through deep gorges, eroded canyons, and surreal rock formations. The stark beauty of the landscape against the backdrop of the Annapurna and Dhaulagiri ranges is awe-inspiring.

4. Kagbeni and Muktinath: Start your Upper Mustang trek in Kagbeni, a charming village at the entrance to the restricted area. As you ascend, you’ll pass through the sacred site of Muktinath, known for its ancient temple and natural hot springs.

5. Ancient Cave Dwellings: Explore the centuries-old cave dwellings carved into the cliffs of Mustang. These caves served as homes, monasteries, and storage facilities, showcasing the resourcefulness of the people in adapting to the challenging environment.

A Glimpse of Tibet in Nepal

The Upper Mustang trek offers an adventure that resonates with the vibes of Tibet. With a limited number of trekkers allowed in this region, reaching Lo Manthang, the capital of Mustang, becomes a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity. The tree-less landscape, rocky trails, and panoramic views of the Nilgiri, Annapurna, and Dhaulagiri peaks create a breathtaking tapestry that defines the beauty of this remote kingdom.

Tiji Festival and Beyond

For an immersive experience, embark on the Upper Mustang trek during the Tiji Festival in Lo-Manthang. Organized by Parikrama Treks and Expedition, this special trek requires special permits, particularly to pass through Kagbeni. Without these permits, travelers won’t be able to venture further into the Mustang Region.

Best Time to Visit:

The ideal time for the Upper Mustang Trek is during the spring (March to May) and autumn (September to November) seasons when the weather is mild, and the skies are clear, offering stunning views of the surrounding peaks.

How difficult is Upper Mustang Trek

The difficulty of the Upper Mustang trek can vary depending on individual fitness levels, experience in trekking, and the specific route taken. However, in general, the Upper Mustang trek is considered to be a moderately challenging trek.

Here are some factors that contribute to the difficulty of the trek:

  1. Altitude: The trek takes you to high altitudes, reaching over 3,800 meters (12,467 feet) and sometimes higher. Altitude sickness can be a concern, so acclimatization is crucial. It’s essential to ascend gradually and allow your body to adjust to the thin air.

  2. Weather conditions: The weather in the Mustang region can be harsh, especially during the winter and monsoon seasons. Cold temperatures, strong winds, and occasional snowfall can add to the challenge.

  3. Remoteness: The Upper Mustang region is relatively isolated, and facilities along the trekking route may be basic. The lack of infrastructure and services can make the trek more challenging compared to popular trekking regions.

  4. Long distances: The trek covers long distances, and some days may require several hours of walking. The terrain can be rugged, with steep ascents and descents.

  5. Cultural and historical aspects: While not physically demanding, exploring the cultural and historical sites in the region may involve walking for extended periods, including visits to monasteries, caves, and ancient settlements.

Parikrama Treks: Your gateway to Upper Mustang Trek

Embark on the Upper Mustang trek with Parikrama Treks and Expedition, and unlock the doors to a world where ancient traditions, stunning landscapes, and the spirit of adventure converge to create an unforgettable journey.

The Upper Mustang Trek is not just a journey through breathtaking landscapes; it’s an expedition into the heart of a preserved ancient kingdom. As you traverse this mystical land, you’ll find yourself immersed in a world of timeless culture, unparalleled beauty, and a sense of adventure that will stay with you long after the trek is over. Embark on the Upper Mustang Trek – where every step tells a tale of a forgotten kingdom.


Day 01: Arrive in Kathmandu

Upon your arrival in Kathmandu, you will be warmly welcomed by a representative from Parikrama Treks who will assist you with the necessary arrangements. You will then be transferred to your hotel, providing you with a comfortable start to your adventure.

Day 02: Kathmandu Sightseeing and Permit Processing

Early morning involves the collection of passports for the special permit required for the Mustang region. These permits will be processed at the Immigration Office. The day continues with a half-day city sightseeing tour, exploring the cultural and historical richness of Kathmandu. Later, a comprehensive briefing about the upcoming Upper Mustang Trek will be provided.

Day 03: Drive from Kathmandu to Pokhara

Embark on an early morning journey to Pokhara, driving alongside the picturesque Trishuli and Gandaki Rivers, offering glimpses of the stunning landscapes that Nepal is renowned for.

Day 04: Flight from Pokhara to Jomsom, Trek to Kagbeni (2800 m / 3 hrs)

The trek officially begins with a scenic flight to Jomsom, known for its windy terrain. Upon arrival, commence the trek to Kagbeni, immersing yourself in the unique Mustang landscape.

Day 05: Trek from Kagbeni to Chaile (3150 m / 5 hrs)

As the trail meanders alongside the Kalai Gandaki River, your permits will be checked. Traverse through the world’s deepest gorge, leading to the quaint village of Chaile.

Day 06: Trek from Chaile to Gemi (3400 m / 6 hrs)

Navigate challenging mountain passes, including a trek through poplar forests and barley fields, culminating in the picturesque village of Gemi.

Day 07: Trek from Gemi to Geling (3500 m / 6 hrs)

Enjoy breathtaking views of Thorung la’s North face, Takwakang, Tilicho Peak, and Damodar Himal. The journey continues past vibrant chortens where three paths converge in Geling.

Day 08: Trek from Geling to Tsarang (3500 m / 6 hrs)

Enter the Upper Mustang valley, progressing towards the third-largest village in the region – Tsarang. Descend through the village adorned with prayer flags and entrance chortens.

Day 09: Trek from Tsarang to Lo Manthang (3700 m / 5 hrs)

Embark on a trek through high passes and experience the transition from lush villages to the arid landscapes of Mustang. Reach the hidden valley of Lo Manthang, surrounded by historical sites.

Day 10-11: Explore Lo Manthang and Upper Villages

Explore historical sites, including the 15th-century Champa Lhakhang, also known as the god house. Engage in the festivities of the High Himalayas festival, lasting for three days.

Day 12: Trek from Lo Manthang to Dhi (3200 m / 5 hrs)

Continue the journey towards Dhi Pass, standing at an elevation of approximately 4,105 m, before descending to the charming village of Dhi.

Day 13: Trek from Dhi to Yara (3600 m / 6 hrs)

Traverse to Yara Gang and witness one of the oldest monasteries, Lori Gompa, making this leg of the trek a truly enriching experience.

Day 14: Trek from Yara to Tange (3300 m / 6 hrs)

Cross the river, perhaps even barefoot, as you reach the small village of Tange, where simplicity and authenticity define the way of life.

Day 15: Trek from Tange to Tetang (3000 m / 8 hrs)

Experience Tetang, a village nestled between hills, shielded from strong winds blowing across the Kali Gandaki region.

Day 16: Trek from Tetang to Muktinath (3700 m / 6 hrs)

Embark on the final day of the Upper Mustang Trek, culminating at Muktinath, a renowned religious site attracting pilgrims from far and wide.

Day 17: Muktinath to Jomsom, Lodge Stay

Conclude the walking journey with a scenic drive to Jomsom, where you can savor the delicious fresh apples grown in the local apple orchards.

Day 18: Flight to Pokhara and Bus to Kathmandu

Take a short flight from Jomsom to Pokhara, followed by a scenic drive back to Kathmandu, reflecting on the memorable experiences of the trek.

Day 19: Day in Kathmandu, Hotel Stay

A spare day is allocated in case of flight cancellations or for optional exploration of Kathmandu.

Day 20: Departure Transfer

Your remarkable Upper Mustang Trek journey comes to an end with a departure transfer, leaving you with lasting memories of the Forbidden Kingdom of Nepal.

Cost Details

TREK COST: US$ 3555.00 per person on Twin Sharing room accommodation
Single Supplement: US$ 275 per person
Extra: PKR / JOM / PKR Airfare US$ 215  Per Person
Extra: KTM / PKR / KTM Airfare US$ 240 Per Person

Service Highlight

  1. Guarantee first flight (As per the detail in Itinerary)

Kathmandu Arrive Date: Mar 05
Final Departure Date: Mar 24

Kathmandu Arrive Date: June 02
Final Departure Date: June 21

Kathmandu Arrive Date: October 05
Final Departure Date: October 25

Kathmandu Arrive Date: Mar 05 
Final Departure Date: Mar 24

Kathmandu Arrive Date: June 02
Final Departure Date: June 21

Kathmandu Arrive Date: October 05
Final Departure Date: October 25


Price Includes

  • All land transfer, arrival and departure as per the itinerary
  • Hotel accommodation in Kathmandu on B/B basis
  • Lodge /Tea House trek on full board twin sharing basis (breakfast, lunch, dinner)
  • An English speaking locally experienced & professional trekking guide license holder
  • Porters (1 porter carries the luggage up to 25 kgs of 2 participants during the trek)
  • Transport Charge for Clients, guide, Porter by tourist bus or locally available
  • Tea and coffee (cup) three times daily on trek
  • Airport pick up and drop and all ground transportations in private vehicle
  • Guided sight-seeing tour with experienced english speaking guide
  • Insurance, proper warm clothing, shoes, sunglass and daily wages for guide and porter
  • Conservation Entry Permits and Special permit as per the rules of Government
  • Daily wages with food allowanes and accommodation for all trekking staff
  • Airfare of guide if air ticket are included for clients
  • All government taxes and insured

Price Excludes

  • Lunch and dinner while at Kathmandu stay
  • Personal gears, clothes and expenses of personal nature and Personal medical and travel insurance emergency evacuation
  • Hard and any form of soft drinks, tea/coffee(pot size)
  • All confectionary and snacks, Charges for desserts including shower and boiled drinking water, Phone calls, Laundry and alcoholic beverages etc.
  • Any airfare: Domestic, International departure taxes and any excess baggage charges
  • Unforeseen cost due to landslide, sick, flight delayed, bad weather,etc
  • Tips and Gratitude for Guides and Porters according to custom of trekking in Nepal
  • Any others expenses which are not mentioned on Price Includes section
upper mustang trek map